The Arab world consists of 22 Arabic-speaking countries that make up the members of the Arab League. Many of these 22 countries have constant conflicts with one another or countries outside the region.

The Arab region is home to numerous important ancient religious countries located in two regions; Middle East and North Africa. According to the Global Peace Index (GPI) 2019, these regions are the world’s most dangerous regions because they comprise of some of the world’s most dangerous countries. Peace is difficult to define which is why the Institute for Economic & Peace (IEP), measures global peace using three important criteria; the level of safety and security in the country, the extent of domestic and international violence, and the degree of militarization.

Compared to the 2018 edition of GPI, the Arab region has become less dangerous; thanks to the fact that the world itself has become slightly less dangerous (that’s the first time in 5 years).

Here are the top 10 most dangerous Arab countries to visit or live in.

10. Tunisia

Tunisia has been a very safe country until recently Foreign and Commonwealth office warned that terrorists are very likely to carry out attacks in the country and that security personnels should be on high alerts. They’ve always warned people living in the country to be vigilant at all times, including around religious sites and festivals. Tunisia is a country in the Maghreb region of North Africa with an estimated population of 11.6 million people.

9. Lebanon

Just recently, one Israeli drone exploded in the suburbs of Beirut, in a Hezbollah Area. Although nobody was injured, the reason for targeting the area is still unknown and that should send a warning to anyone planning to visit the country at the moment to do his homework correctly because of the threat of terrorism, armed clashes, kidnapping, and outbreaks of violence especially near Lebanon’s borders with Syria and Israel. You sure can’t be that safe when you share borders with the world’s most dangerous country. In addition to this, Saudi Arabia, UAE, and other countries have recently warned their citizens against traveling to Lebanon in the wake of a fresh October 2019 eruption of nationwide protests against the country’s political elite.

8. Palestine

There’s a reason why this country is ranking the 22nd most dangerous country in the world. Though the political situation between Israel and Palestine has, for the past few years, been relatively quiet, one still has to remain vigilant at all times when one is in this country. The country currently has an estimated population of 4.9 million according to statistics from United Nations (UN).

7. Egypt

It is very wise to take certain precautions before traveling to Egypt. Egypt is an ancient country full of wonders, most notable the Pyramids of Giza. The 14th most populous country in the world, Egypt has a staggering estimated population of about 100.39 million. Some parts of the country are really safe while some areas are deemed as no-go areas for tourists and residents.

6. Somalia

Somalia is an Arab country located in the Horn of Africa with a population estimated at 15.44 million. Somalia’s largest city and capital is Mogadishu. In recent times, people have been warned against traveling to Somalia due to high rate of crime, terrorism, kidnapping and piracy. Violent crimes, such as kidnapping and murder, are common throughout Somalia. The country’s capital, Mogadishu as a major battleground in the Somali civil war, which ravaged the country from 1991 until 2012 and the city remains one of the deadliest cities in the region. Independent travel will most likely result into death.

5. Libya

Libya isn’t a safe country to be right now and many governments are advising their citizens against traveling to Libya because of the current conflict following the bloody war to oust the Gaddafi dictatorship. The situation in the country is so bad that the State’s Department of US warned against travelling to Libya due to crime, terrorism, civil unrest, kidnapping and armed conflict. Libya is currently the 8th most dangerous country in the world and it has a population of over 6.7 million.

4. Iraq

Iraq announced the defeat of ISIS in December 2017 and its now beginning to recover from the militant group’s grip, but there is still a risk of terrorism and kidnappings across the country. Iraq is a country in Western Asia, bordered by Turkey, Iran, Kuwait, Saudi Arabia, Jordan and Syria. Iraq has a population of 39.3 million.

3. Yemen

The British Government has warned their people to avoid all travel to the country because according to Vision of Humanity, “Yemen remains the site of the world’s worst humanitarian crisis”. Yemen has a population of about 28 million with millions of people living in overpopulated shelters or damaged homes, while over 150,000 have fled to other countries.

2. Sudan

Recently, the US Department of State warned U.S. citizens of the risks of traveling to Sudan because it is not considered a safe place to be. It is a country in North Africa that has a population of approximately 40 million which is a downgrade compared to the staggering 43 million the country had the previous year. After Sudan’s president was removed in April, the situation across the country has remained tense. A couple of months ago, at least 30 people were killed when security forces dispersed protesters. Although opposition groups have since agreed to a power-sharing deal with the ruling military council, the agreement is still in its early stages.

1. Syria

The Syrian Civil war is a conflict between its long-serving government and those who are trying to make the table turn (boot the government out of office). The Assad family has held power in Syria since 1971 when Hafez al-Assad served from 1971 up until his death in 2000 after which he was succeeded by his son, Bashar al-Assad. The United Nation estimates more than 4.5 million refugees have now fled Syria (approximately 5000 people fleeing everyday) to nearby countries. Syria is a very dangerous place to be at the moment as no city in the country is reportedly safe for anybody to be right now, not even a citizen.

Also read: The Top 5 Safest Arab Countries to Visit or Live in.